19 U.S.C. §§ 2091 - 2095. Prohibits importation of certain stone carvings and wall art that are the "product[s] of a pre-Columbian Indian culture of Mexico, Central America, South America, or the Caribbean Islands[.]'"
22 U.S.C. § 2459. Protects from seizure under judicial process certain works of art and "other objects of cultural significance" imported into the U.S. for temporary exhibition at museums or similar institutions.
Protects Native American burial sites by prohibiting unauthorized excavation and trafficking in certain items, including human remains and funerary objects; establishes system for repatriation of items removed prior to Act's effective date.
The U.S. Department of State Cultural Heritage Centeradministers the responsibilities of the United States under the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. Its Heritage Center lists the bilateral agreements between the United States and other countries establishing import restrictions.