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Research Canons

Books and articles that are essential to a new academic in various areas of legal inquiry as suggested by contributors to PrawfsBlawg.


  1. Jonathan Baker, Competitive Price Discrimination: The Exercise of Market Power Without Anticompetitive Effects (Comment on Klein and Wiley), 70 Antitrust LJ 643 (2003) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  2. William Baumol & Janusz A. Ordover, Use of Antitrust to Subvert Competition, 28 J.L. Econ 247 (May 1985) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  3. Robert Bork, Legislative History and the Policy of the Sherman Act, 9 J.L. Econ. 7 (1966) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  4. Ward Bowman, Tying Arrangements and the Leverage Problem, 67 Yale L. J. 19 (1957) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  5. Michael Carrier, Resolving the Patent-Antitrust Paradox Through Tripartite Innovation, 56 Vand. L. Rev. 1047 (2003) (suggested by Frank).
  6. Dennis W. Carlton, A General Analysis of Exclusionary Conduct and Refusal to Deal-Why Aspen and Kodak are Misguided, 68 Antitrust L.J. 659 (2001) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  7. Frank Easterbrook, The Limits of Antitrust, 63 Tex. L. Rev. 1 (1984) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  8. Frank Easterbrook, Predatory Strategies and Counterstrategies, 48 U. Chi. L. Rev. 263 (1981) (suggested by Joshua Wright).  
  9. Aaron S. Edlin, Stopping Above-Cost Predatory Pricing, 111 Yale L.J. 941 (2002) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  10. Einer Elhauge, Defining Better Monopolization Standards, 56 Stan. L. Rev. 253 (2003) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  11. Einer Elhauge, Why Above-Cost Price Cuts to Drive Out Entrants Are Not Predatory - And the Implications for Defining Costs and Market Power, 112 Yale L.J. 681 (2003) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  12. Kenneth G. Elzinga and Thomas F. Hogarty, The Problem of Geographic Market Delineation in Antimerger Suits, 18 Antitrust Bulletin 45 (1973) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  13. Elizabeth Granitz & Benjamin Klein, Raising Rivals' Costs: The Standard Oil Case, 39 J. L. & Econ. 1 (1996) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  14. Herbert Hovenkamp, Antitrust Policy After Chicago, 84 Mich. L. Rev. 213 (1985) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  15. Keith Hylton & Michael Salinger, Tying Law and Policy: A Decision Theoretic Approach, 69 Antitrust L. J. 469 (2001) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  16. Louis Kaplow, Extensions of Monopoly Power Through Leverage, 85 Colum. L. Rev. 515 (1985) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  17. Roy Kenney and Benjamin Klein, The Economics of Block Booking, 26 J. Law & Economics 497 (1983) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  18. Benjamin Klein & John Wiley, Jr., Competitive Price Discrimination as an Antitrust Justification for Intellectual Property Refusals to Deal, 70 Antitrust L.J. 599 (2003) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  19. Benjamin Klein, Market Power in Franchise Cases in the Wake of Kodak: Applying Post-Contract Hold-Up Analysis to Vertical Relationships, 67 Antitrust L. J. 283 (1999) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  20. Benjamin Klein & Kevin M. Murphy, Vertical Restraints as Contract Enforcement Mechanisms, 31 J. L. & Econ. 265 (1988 (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  21. Benjamin Klein, The Economics of Franchise Contracts, 2 J. Corp. Fin. 9 (1995) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  22. Thomas Krattenmaker & Steve Salop, Anticompetitive Exclusion: Raising Rivals' Costs to Achieve Power Over Price, 96 Yale L.J. (1986) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  23. Marina Lao, Reclaiming a Role for Intent Evidence in Monopolization Analysis, 54 Am. U. L. Rev. 151 (2004) (suggested by Frank).
  24. Robert H. Lande, Wealth Transfers as the Original and Primary Concern of Antitrust: The Efficiency Interpretation Challenged, 34 Hastings L.J. 67 (1982) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  25. William Landes & Richard Posner, Market Power in Antitrust Cases, 94 Harv. L. Rev. 937 (1981) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  26. Howard P. Marvel, Exclusive Dealing, 25 J.L. Econ. 1 (1982) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  27. John S. McGee, Predatory Price Cutting: The Standard Oil (N.J.) Case, 1 J.L. Econ 137 (1958) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  28. Alan Meese, Property Rights and Intrabrand Restraints, 89 Cornell L. Rev. 553 (2004) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  29. Robert Pitofsky, In Defense of Discounters: The No-Frills Case for a Per Se Rule Against Vertical Price Fixing, 71 Geo. L. Rev. 487 (1983) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  30. Richard Posner, The Next Step in the Antitrust Treatment of Restricted Distribution: Per Se Legality, 48 U. Chi. L. Rev. 6 (1981) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  31. Richard Posner, Oligopoly and the Antitrust Laws: A Suggested Approach, 21 Stan. L. Rev. 1562 (1969) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  32. Steven Salop, Exclusionary Conduct, Effect on Consumers, and the Flawed Profit-Sacrifice Standard, 73 Antitrust L.J. 311 (2006) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  33. Steven Salop & David T. Scheffman, Raising Rivals' Costs, 73 Am. Econ. Rev. 267 (1983) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  34. Carl Shapiro, Aftermarkets and Consumer Welfare: Making Sense of Kodak, 53 Antitrust LJ 483 (1995) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  35. George J. Stigler, A Theory of Oligopoly, 72 J. Pol. Econ. (1964) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  36. George J. Stigler, The Economic Effect of the Antitrust Laws, 9 J.L. Econ 225 (1966) (suggested by Joshua Wright).  
  37. Lester Telser, Why Should Manufacturers Want Fair Trade, 3 J.L. Econ 86 (1960) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  38. Donald Turner, The Definition of Agreement under the Sherman Act: Conscious Parallelism and Refusals to Deal, 75 Harv. L. Rev. 655 (1962) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  39. Michael D. Whinston, Tying, Foreclosure, and Exclusion, 80 Am. Econ. Rev. 837 (1990) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 
  40. Oliver E. Williamson, Economies as an Antitrust Defense: The Welfare Tradeoffs, 58 Am. Econ. Rev. 18 (March 1968) (suggested by Joshua Wright). 


  1. Robert Bork, The Antitrust Paradox (1978) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  2. Harold Demsetz, Two Systems of Belief about Monopoly, in Industrial Concentration: The New Learning 164 (Harvey J. Goldschmid et al. eds., 1974) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  3. Herbert Hovenkamp, The Antitrust Enterprise (2005) (suggested by Joshua Wright).
  4. Richard Posner, Antitrust Law (2d ed.) (suggested by Joshua Wright)
  5. Oliver E. Williamson, Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications (1975) (suggested by Joshua Wright).