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Term Paper Mills: Definitions

This website contains information for the International Center for Academic Integrity regarding term paper mills.

Definitions

State  Citation Definitions
CA Cal. Educ. Code § 66405 As used in this chapter, "person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association.
As used in this chapter, "prepare" means to put into condition for intended use. “Prepare” does not include the mere typing or assembling of papers, nor the mere furnishing of information or research.
CO Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-392a As used in this chapter: 
"Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association.
"Assignment" means any specific written, recorded, pictorial, artistic or other academic task that is intended for submission to any university, college, academy, school or other educational institution which is chartered, incorporated, licensed, registered or supervised by this state, in fulfillment of the requirements of a degree, diploma, certificate or course of study at any such educational institution.
"Prepare" means to create, write or in any way produce in whole or substantial part a term paper, thesis, dissertation, essay, report or other written, recorded, pictorial, artistic or other assignment for a fee.
IL 110 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/1 For purposes of this Act, "academic papers” includes any theme, essay, term paper, book report, thesis dissertation, or other academic paper.
MD Md. Code, Educ. § 26-201(a) In this section, “academic paper” means any theme, essay, term paper, book report, report, thesis, dissertation, or other written assignment.
NY N.Y. Educ. Law § 213-b(4)

The term “information and material of a personal or private nature” as used in this subdivision shall include, but not be limited to the name of such purchaser, his address and telephone number, the name of such educational institution, the name or number of the course, the name of the faculty member or members for whom such written assignment has been prepared and any description of the research involved or the nature of such written assignment.

OR Or. Rev. Stat. § 165.114(7)

As used in subsections (1) to (6) of this section unless the context requires otherwise:

“Assignment” means any specific written, recorded, pictorial, artistic or other academic task, Including but not limited to a termpaper, thesis, dissertation, essay or report, intended for submission to any post-secondary institution in fulfillment of the requirements for a degree, diploma, certificate or course of study at any such institution.
“Person” means any individual, partnership, corporation or association.
“Post-secondary institution” means any public or private post-secondary educational institution.
PA Pa. Cons. Stat. § 7324(a) As used in this section:
“Assignment” means any specific written, recorded, pictorial, artistic, or other academic task that is intended for submission to any university, academy, school or other educational institution which is chartered, incorporated, licensed, registered or supervised by the Commonwealth, in fulfillment of the requirements of a degree, diploma, certificate or course of study at any such institution.
“Prepare” means to create, write, or in any way produce in whole or substantial part, a term paper, thesis, dissertation, essay, report or other written, recorded, pictorial, artistic or other assignment for a fee.
TX Tx. Penal Code § 32.50(a) For purposes of this section:
“Academic product” means a term paper, thesis, dissertation, essay, report, recording, work of art, or other written, recorded, pictorial, or artistic product or material submitted or intended to be submitted by a person to satisfy an academic requirement of the person.
 “Academic requirement” means a requirement or prerequisite to receive course credit or to complete a course of study or degree, diploma, or certificate program at an institution of higher education.
“Institution of higher education” means an institution of higher education or private or independent institution of higher education as those terms are defined by Section 61.003, Education Code, or a private postsecondary educational institution as that term is defined by Section 61.302, Education Code.
WA Wash. Rev. Code §28B.10.582                                                 

Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the words used in RCW 28B.10.580 through 28B.10-.584 shall have the meaning given in this section:

“Person” means any individual, partnership, corporation, or association.
“Assignment” means any specific written, recorded, pictorial, artistic, or other academic task, including but not limited to term papers, theses, dissertations, essays, and reports, that is intended for submission to any postsecondary institution in fulfillment of the requirements of a degree, diploma, certificate, or course of study at any such educational institution.
“Prepare” means to create, write, or in any way produce in whole or substantial part a term paper, thesis, dissertation, essay, report, or other assignment for a monetary fee.
“Postsecondary institution” means any university, college, or other postsecondary educational institution.

 

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