The Bluebook is your friend in this process.
If you need help translating text or footnotes that aren't in English, the Research Center can help! There are online tools you can use, like Google Translate, or you can ask one of the Law Librarians, who can field requests for translation from many languages. We have connected Journal editors to students, faculty, and librarians who are fluent in a number of different languages to help with editing and translating citations.
The basic goal in subciting an article is to identify the resource referenced by a citation and obtain a copy of that resource to check against the citation and assertion for accuracy. There are a few basic categories that these resources fall in:
|Books||Journals||Online||Government & Primary Sources|
|Legal treatises, casebooks, most secondary sources||Law review articles||Websites, PDFs, charts||Statutes, Case Law, Administrative Rules|
|Search catalog for Author &/or Title||Find Journal subscription first, then locate article title||Visit the website first, try Wayback Machine if URL has moved||Use official government source (state or federal website) then commercial database (Westlaw/Lexis) as last resort|
|If you see:||It is likely a...||And you can find it by...|
|JOHN DOE, GENERAL TITLE (1978).||Book (if in caps or small caps)||searching the author's name and book title in our catalog|
|Name v. Name; In re Name||Case||identifying the reporter in the citation|
|Author Name, Long Italicized Title Often With Random: Colons Between Phrases, ## Gib. Er. Ish. Abbrev. for J. #### (1942).||Journal||Locating an online subscription to the Journal by deciphering the abbrieviated Journal Title (or, if all else fails, locating a copy of the Journal in print)|
|U.S. Constit. art. I, § 9, cl. 2||Constitution||Going to the official source for the state or federal government (see the back of Bluebook T1)|
|42 U.S.C. § 1983; Fla. Stat. § 417.836||Statutes||
The word "act" or the § symbol are good indicators that a citation is a statute or other primary legal source. Go to the official source for the state or federal government (see the back of Bluebook T1).
If you see "C.F.R." or "Fed. Reg." you'll need to look for administrative materials.
Author Name, Italicised Headline, OnlineNews.com, https://www.webnewsurl.com/
Author Name, Italicised Headline, News Paper Name, May 7, 2008, at A14.
|Newspaper/periodical/magazine||If there is a url provided, check there first. Otherwise check the title of the Newspaper or Magazine in our Journal|
|Cong. Rec. / S.J. Res./ S./H.R./etc.||Congressional Record and legislative history of federal bills||Legislative history materials for federal sources are often available through Govinfo.gov|
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