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Human Rights Legal Research Guide: African System

African Commission on Human & People's Rights

The Organization of African Unity (now the African Union) adopted the African Charter on Human and People's Rights in 1981 which later esablished the African Commission on Human & People's Rights in 1987. Article 45 of the Charter sets out the mandate of the Commission for promoting and protecting human rights through public awareness, complaint system, oversight and interpretation of the Charter.

Complaints may be brought by individuals for by states. Non-binding decisions are referred to as communications and can be found at the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights web site

The Commission monitors implementation of the Charter through a periodic reporting procedure. State Reports and Concluding Observations can be found here.

African Court on Human & People's Rights

The African Union established the African Court on Human and People's Rights in 2006. It considers cases alleging violations of the African Charter and other international human rights treaties and conventions.

Case Law Databases

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